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  Submit FeedbackFeedback (RCT)91%0.09 [0.01-1.59]death0/395/39Improvement, RR [CI]TreatmentControlLi (RCT)75%0.25 [0.06-1.00]no disch.2/124/6Tau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%Early treatment79%0.21 [0.06-0.72]2/519/4579% improvementMareev (RCT)39%0.61 [0.14-0.97]no disch.14/2420/21Improvement, RR [CI]TreatmentControlTolouian (RCT)76%0.24 [0.01-8.03]death4852Tau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%Late treatment39%0.61 [0.43-0.87]14/7220/7339% improvementMikhaylov (RCT)80%0.20 [0.01-3.97]hosp.0/252/25Improvement, RR [CI]TreatmentControlTau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%PrEP80%0.20 [0.01-3.97]0/252/2580% improvementAll studies44%0.56 [0.40-0.78]16/14831/14344% improvement5 bromhexine COVID-19 6/14/21Tau​2 = 0.00; I​2 = 0.0%; Z = 3.41 (p = 0.00033)Lower RiskIncreased Risk
Late Tolouian et al., J. Investig. Med., doi:10.1136/jim-2020-001747 (Peer Reviewed) death, ↓76.0%, p=0.43 Effect of bromhexine in hospitalized patients with COVID-19
Details   Small RCT with 100 patients, 48 with bromhexine added to SOC, showing slower viral- conversion but lower mortality and greater clinical improvement with bromhexine (not statistically significant with few deaths and very high recovery). Th..
PrEP Mikhaylov et al., medRxiv, doi:10.1101/2021.03.03.21252855 (Preprint) hosp., ↓80.0%, p=0.49 Bromhexine Hydrochloride Prophylaxis of COVID-19 for Medical Personnel: A Randomized Open-Label Study
Details   Small prophylaxis RCT with 25 treatment and 25 control health care worker, showing lower PCR+, symptomatic cases, and hospitalization with treatment, although not statistically significant with the small sample size.
Review Al-Kuraishy et al., Current Medical and Drug Research (Review) (Peer Reviewed) review The potential role of Bromhexine in the management of COVID-19: Decipher and a real game-changer
Details   Review article noting that bromhexine is a TMPRSS2 inhibitor with greater effect in lung tissue and attenuates the entry and proliferation of SARS‐CoV‐2.
Late Mareev et al., Кардиология, doi:10.18087/cardio.2020.11.n1440 (Peer Reviewed) no disch., ↓38.8%, p=0.02 Results of Open-Label non-Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial: “BromhexIne and Spironolactone for CoronаvirUs Infection requiring hospiTalization (BISCUIT)
Details   Prospective 103 PCR+ patients in Russia, 33 treated with bromexhine+spironolactone. The odds ratio of having a positive PCR or hospitalization for ≥10 days was 0.07 [0.008–0.61] with treatment. Dosing was bromhexine 8mg 4 times daily, sp..
Early Li et al., Clinical and Translational Science, doi:10.1111/cts.12881 (Peer Reviewed) no disch., ↓75.0%, p=0.11 Bromhexine Hydrochloride Tablets for the Treatment of Moderate COVID‐19: An Open‐Label Randomized Controlled Pilot Study
Details   Tiny RCT with 12 bromhexine and 6 control patients showing non-statistically significant improvements in chest CT, need for oxygen therapy, and discharge rate within 20 days. Authors recommend a larger scale trial.
Early Ansarin et al., Bioimpacts, doi:10.34172/bi.2020.27 (Peer Reviewed) death, ↓90.9%, p=0.05 Effect of bromhexine on clinical outcomes and mortality in COVID-19 patients: A randomized clinical trial
Details   RCT with 39 bromhexine and 39 control patients showing lower mortality, intubation, and ICU admission with treatment. The treatment group received bromhexine hydrochloride 8 mg three times a day for two weeks. All patients received SOC in..
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